Laravel Multi Tenant Tutorial

The framework required for that was Laravel 5. 5 Laravel 5. Part 1: Getting your project up and running A Project based on Laravel. Multi Tenancy. Toolkit for Multi Tenancy in Laravel. Ok so what is this tutorial series going to look like? We will be creating a basic asp. Multi Tenant Setup (Optional) This section is optional. 1 SERIES NAVIGATION Multi-tenancy indicates an approach in software development where a single application simultaneously serves multiple clients. Make sure to check all three advanced options — allow any subdomain, add DNS records, and secure with Let’s Encrypt. Lessons from building a Multi-Tenant Web App - Part 1 - Databases Published on November 29th, 2015 Multi-Tenant apps are the bread and butter of the SaaS push the past few years. Multitenant apps are all over the web, but tackling your first one can be challenging. This is a brief tutorial that explains the basics of Laravel framework. Description. What defines single- and multi-tenant applications. You would be correct in thinking that multi-tenancy has no place in consumer social web applications. The organization has multiple Azure AD tenants that feed a single Adobe Admin Console for user management and license provisioning. My definition of a multi-tenant application is a software system that serves multiple customers, each with their own isolated view of their own data in that system. Installation. Microsoft Azure Tutorials. Thanks Vlad. Serving multiple websites, each with one or more hostnames from the same codebase. Continue reading "Implementing Laravel Multi Tenant Architecture". In this article, i will let you know how to create multi auth using guard in laravel 5. Truly there is no harm in learning an old version because a latest version is always depended on old ones but with slightly new things added into the framework. This chapter explains you the middleware mechanism in Laravel. Multi Database Connection Setup. Laravel's solution to this problem is to call them disks. Samuel Štancl wrote a good tutorial on how to make any Laravel application multi-tenant in a short time. Associate an Office 365 tenant with an Azure subscription. Adding Laravel Middleware in your app is easy. A common use case for medium and. Get 8 multi tenant plugins, code & scripts on CodeCanyon. Packagist: globecode/laravel-multitenant. Built for modern living, our smart intercom provides residents with features designed for safety and convenience. Multi-tenant mode is available only with Kyubit Users Authentication. Forge is an incredible tool in the family of Laravel products that helps developers focus on developing, not deploying and hosting. by Bryan Lee. every customer project can have a dedicated data store. Tutorials Designed to help new users become more acclimated to the Broadleaf system, ‘how-to’ videos provide step-by-step guidance. Visit our website to complete free PBX online training course and get free VoIP certification. Oliver was the Chief Technology Officer for Software as a Service enablement and conversion to Multi Tenancy. Platform is easy to extend, customize, developer, can extend and modify application with short time. What do you mean by "Is there any online multi-tenant application that I can go through. 1 Introduction Welcome to Building Multitenant Apps in Laravel, a course that will demonstrate how to build both single-database and multiple-database multitenant applications. Alternatively, you can follow along each step of the way. user and password synchronization). Actually I will send this via localhost! I have tried many times to do this before starting using Laravel. Multitenancy in simple words mean that your software architecture should be able to support multiple customers or tenants. Define If Shared Tenancy Is a Fit What is multi-tenancy: “the terms multi -tenant and multi-tenancy are not new; both have been used to describe application architectures designed to support multiple users, resource owners or “tenants” for many years. But with clear separation of assets, database and the ability to override logic per tenant. Please send links of your SaaS work with the response. All solutions have multi-tenant capability, i. Toolkit for Multi Tenancy in Laravel "Tenancy allows you to easily scaffold a multi-tenant SaaS platform on top of the Laravel framework. Our Multi-Tenant framework is the building block which gives you secure control over your cloud solution along with complete privacy and ownership of your data. , from subdomain name tenant1. System database and tenant database/s can be recovered one by one in the same system (recovery) or in a different system (system copy) of the type SAP HANA multi-tenant database containers. The excellent open source project SaasKit, by Ben Foster, makes adding multi-tenancy to your application a breeze. This is a brief tutorial that explains the basics of Laravel framework. With that new feature, the server can allocate two relay endpoints for a single session: one for IPv4, and another for IPv6. Ok so what is this tutorial series going to look like? We will be creating a basic asp. The geolocation of an Office 365 tenant is set when you create the tenant and pick the billing country. Mon, 22 Jul 2019 15:23:25 +0000. However, we would like to have it developed in Laravel from the scratch for multiple clients, and therefore we planned to implement everything in a way of laravel multi tenant with proper architecture that is scalable. Multi-tenant system. NET Boilerplate and using ASP. In multi-tenant applications, most data and queries are specific to a particular tenant. SaaSWeb, provides the Ultimate starter kit for single and multi tenant SaaS project on top of Laravel and Vue. Laravel 5 middleware class that sets a context in a multi-tenant app + updated version for easier testing with example testcase. net core website (from the starting template) and then enhancing with one multi-tenancy feature at a time, provided by dotnettency, so that our site: Has multiple tenants (Gicrosoft and Moogle) and we can distguish between them. web developer. Even though there are good code samples and good documentation around how to get it done, it has been a little confusing to understand how all the pieces fit together. NET Core, Angular and EntityFrameworkCore. Multi-tenant architecture using Java Spring and Hibernate. php extension. Laravel - Middleware - Middleware acts as a bridge between a request and a response. In this tutorial, you'll learn step-by-step how to build a scalable, multi-tenant web API based on Swagger and horizontal scaling, with code examples. if you use data relationship then you don't need to use but if you need to get manually join with two or more condition then it can help. What to do when multi-tenant application gets request and it cannot find the tenant? Should it crash? I think the polite way is to redirect user to some page that tells what happened and perhaps gives user some guidance about how to get help or how to get started. Laravel 5 middleware class that sets a context in a multi-tenant app + updated version for easier testing with example testcase. A few weeks ago I wrote a tutorial on the new Vue server-side rendering capabilities for Laravel. Intervention Image - Image handling library for creating, editing and composing images. A common use case for medium and. Hyn/multi-tenant - Flexible multi tenancy with secure separation of a. Laravel multi (auth) authentication- Today we are going to show you, how to create multi auth system in laravel 5. It posted on ToadWorld. Requirements. Multi-tenancy is an architecture in which a single instance of a software application serves multiple customers. Laravel 5 is a brand new version of the popular framework. php file is a bootstrap file for setting up the Laravel environment within our tests. Updated: Jun 30, 2019 — 3 mins Read — #databases In this article, we're going to explore one of the most confusing aspects of multi-tenancy in laravel applications; communicating with multiple databases. This tutorial will guide the developers and students who want to learn how to develop a website using Laravel. Laravel tips & tutorials. 6 See changelog. It is a complex and slightly complicated software, which can be challenging to use and for that, several associate organizations offer the Salesforce training to the beginners. In Laravel, blade template engine allow us to define a master template which can be extended by other individual pages. js and Express Chat with PHP and Laravel Guides. How wherePivot() actually works internally in laravel 5 ? For Example I was practicing by watching a tutorial and the teacher was using wherePivot() for construing relationship:. If multiple users share a domain name, we say that these users live inside the same tenant. Artikel ini untuk Laravel 5. Looking for the TOP 10 Most Essential Laravel Nova Packages?Click here! Laravel is a well known PHP Framework, super popular, with thousands of extraordinary features. A few weeks ago I wrote a tutorial on the new Vue server-side rendering capabilities for Laravel. Jika Anda merasa fitur autentikasi bawaan Laravel tidak mencukupi kebutuhan dan berniat membuat autentikasi sendiri, sebaiknya baca dulu artikel ini sampai tuntas. It is generally a requirement of the lease that the tenant report, at the end of each year, their gross sales at that location for the year. Spring Boot Tutorials Our Spring Boot tutorials covers the core and advances feature of Spring Boot including Starters, Actuator, CLI and Spring Boot build process. Laravel's solution to this problem is to call them disks. The most concise screencasts for the working developer, updated daily. [Serializable] public class Tenant. The data is different, of course. An application framework and starting point for ASP. But with clear separation of assets, database and the ability to override logic per tenant. NET Boilerplate is a general purpose application framework especially designed for new modern web applications. Full flexibility of what the tenant is and how it is identified. In this session of Salesforce Tutorial, we will be learning about Salesforce Architecture. Published on November 1, 2019 4 min read Hi developers, in this guide, I'm going to show how to create CRUD with Ajax. We plan to build a multi tenant environment as we have are going to host sites for various customers. rubensrocha Nov 11th, 2018 186 Never Not a member of Pastebin yet? Sign Up,. The unobtrusive Laravel package that makes your app multi tenant. Technically if we create 1 key (Redis Object) that contains multiple string fields it'll require much less memory since every field holds nothing but a reference to the value it holds, and in hashes with small number of fields it's even encoded into a length-prefixed string in a format like: hashValue = [6]field1[4]val1[6]field2[4]val2. It makes your app multi-tenant in a way that requires no changes to the codebase. Single-tenant vs. What do you mean by "Is there any online multi-tenant application that I can go through. json file in the "require" block: " globecode/laravel-multitenant ": ". Welcome to django-tenants documentation!¶ This application enables Django powered websites to have multiple tenants via PostgreSQL schemas. Stackify was founded in 2012 with the goal to create an easy to use set of tools for developers to improve their applications. Lesson 1 of 13, a Tuts+ course on Building Multitenant Apps in Laravel taught by Matthew Machuga. Continue reading "Implementing Laravel Multi Tenant Architecture". But with clear separation of assets, database and the ability to override logic per tenant. Instead, one bare-metal machine will most likely host multiple VMs for multiple customers -- a. web developer. Laravel 5 middleware tutorial with an example is today's topic. This makes the model very cost-effective in terms of infrastructure management, but it’s not easy to achieve. We’ll be discussing all the major components of the Salesforce architecture such as Salesforce Meta-data API and Multi-tenant components. routes, assets and databases Laravel 5 form builder - Form builder for Laravel 5 inspired by Symfony's form builder. This repo contains code samples used in the series of article I published on medium to build multi-tenant application with laravel and postgres. We have different groups in our company. We need the Laravel framework (of course), so we are going to create a new Laravel project using Composer. In this course, "ASP. Multi-Tenant Application using Laravel 4 and 5. Multitenancy in simple words mean that your software architecture should be able to support multiple customers or tenants. 3 Partitioned data2 Multi-tenancy and Hibernate2. Toolkit for Multi Tenancy in Laravel. Below are the list of latest Laravel interview questions and answers. In many multi-tenant applications, data from different tenants live side by side in the same database. In this post you can learn how to add multiple condition in join query of Laravel Eloquent. Since there are many ways to identify tenant and resolve all the dependencies for specific tenants, I am going to use autofac multitenant(DI framework) which has a great support for multitenancy. Laravel : Best Practices aims to put together all the resources and best practices in using the Laravel Framework. All you really need to do is separate out different customers by domain. In this tutorial, I'll show you how you could horizontally scale up your Laravel application by adding multiple database instances. Laravel Scout will provide a simple, driver based solution to add full-text search to your Eloquent models. With this, we come to the end of our tutorial on using Citus to power a simple multi-tenant application. Laravel Spark I was really excited when I saw the announcement for Laravel Spark this summer. This package is designed using a minimalist approach. CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) in a Laravel App. Check out demo video here. in a PON, which can provide multi-tenancy to a number of Virtual Network Operators (VNOs) sharing the same physical infrastructure. However, we would like to have it developed in Laravel from the scratch for multiple clients, and therefore we planned to implement everything in a way of laravel multi tenant with proper architecture that is scalable. ; Managing tenants The default Alfresco administrator user has access to the default environment and can be considered to be a "super tenant". Buy SaaSWeb, Laravel 6 & vue SaaS Starter kit by CreatyDev on CodeCanyon. Now naturally, our roadmap to make the Subscription As A Service fully complete does not end. We'll also be using AngularJS on the front end to make our application snappy!. If you want to check its geolocation, you can find it out: in the Microsoft 365 admin center of your tenant, via PowerShell. 7, Twitter Bootstrap and SCSS. Detailed Step by Step Tutorial to create Multi Page / Step Form in Laravel with Validation. A collection of web projects made with Laravel – Websites, Components, Frameworks, Apps and more!. This session will be a more practical one, focused on giving you new insights about using multi tenant Laravel. Multi-site - Sharing the same code base | Drupal 7 guide on Drupal. Serving multiple websites, each with one or more hostnames from the same codebase. A typical way to identify a tenant is by its domain name. Here is the current setup: Each tenant has it's own database. Creating multi-tenant Azure AD authenticated Web API – Manual JWT authentication To me Azure Active Directory Authentication has always been a little confusing. Toolkit for Multi Tenancy in Laravel "Tenancy allows you to easily scaffold a multi-tenant SaaS platform on top of the Laravel framework. including the Dynamic Bandwidth Al-. 2 comes with new artisan command which will generate route, controller and views for users table. A very popular example of this is slack. Dig deeper into the noisy neighbor issue and find out if it's still a concern. NET Core, Angular and EntityFrameworkCore. By tying all data to a brand or client-id, it's fairly easy to filter data that way. If you want to check its geolocation, you can find it out: in the Microsoft 365 admin center of your tenant, via PowerShell. I want to create a multi tenancy application using Laravel. Great for learning by building one project and repeating another while learning to add additional features. Toolkit for Multi Tenancy in Laravel "Tenancy allows you to easily scaffold a multi-tenant SaaS platform on top of the Laravel framework. How to get Twitteroath working with Laravel 4; How to create and access a new configuration file for your twitter settings; How to create a helper method for your tweets. This package is designed using a minimalist approach. In this tutorial, I’m going to create RESTful API Passport Authentication in Laravel 6. Tutorial: Implementing Full Text Search in Laravel 5. Elastic Search performs real-time distributed search and analysis. In this article, I will show multi-tenancy based on single database and Laravel Global Scopes. The key factor is that there are multiple installations of the database software. Let's get started. Stackify was founded in 2012 with the goal to create an easy to use set of tools for developers to improve their applications. How to make any Laravel application multi-tenant in 5 minutes Samuel Štancl wrote a good tutorial on how to make any Laravel application multi-tenant in a short time. Cookie Notice We use cookies to personalize content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyze our traffic. Introduction. In this post you can learn how to add multiple condition in join query of Laravel Eloquent. But with clear separation of assets, database and the ability to override logic per tenant. On the server side, it will be implemented as a WordPress shortcode. Configure JWT extension package. As a starter kit for laravel wave, I didn't find any mulit-tenant facility for subsctiption user. In Hibernate, multi-tenancy support allows you to run tenants "side-by-side" in the same VM (same app instance). I thought this illustration was an interesting view of Oracle Database 12c’s Multitenant Architecture. Requirements. This tutorial provides a quick overview of Oracle to Oracle database replication using Integrated Extract and Integrated Replicat for version 12c and above. SaaS applications, also known as multi-tenant applications, are very popular these days. All solutions have multi-tenant capability, i. com today in a new article by Deiby Gomez and I thought it might be interesting for others. If you would like to read the next part in this article series please go to What you need to consider with multiple Office 365 tenants (Part 2). But remember that we are trying to turn a system that is not designed to be multi-tenant into such one. Dengan asumsi kita sudah menginstall project laravel, saya jelaskan secara singkat apa yang akan dibuat pada tutorial ini. Skip Navigation. Laravel : Best Practices aims to put together all the resources and best practices in using the Laravel Framework. Note that a default database is still used. While developing a small administrative tool to help the company make data changes to 800 different databases, I had little time to come up with a liable solution on how to make master/tenant connections with Laravel. The question arises because the multi-tenant architecture changes may affect user created scripts that control backups and monitoring, and because of the potential to incur new licensing costs if more than one pluggable database is created per container. The latest Tweets from Francesco Lettera (@FrancescoLetter). x)》 《L02 Laravel 教程 - Web 开发实战进阶 ( Laravel 6. Likewise, there are two types of roles. The same username can be present in multiple PDBs, but they are unrelated. For more information on how APIs appear and are available for subscription in a multi-tenant environment, see API visibility and subscription. In this tutorial, you’ll build an application with Nuxt using multiple routes populated with data from an API all rendered on the server. Make sure to check all three advanced options — allow any subdomain, add DNS records, and secure with Let's Encrypt. We've already laid the foundation — freeing you to create without sweating the small things. Full code coverage. Our enterprise BI platform is designed from the ground up as a multi-tenant system, so you can scale horizontally on demand just by adding new computing nodes. I want to create a multi tenancy application using Laravel. It will settle your payments across your stripe enabled countries. Multiple DB Connections in Laravel. This course walks you through developing a multitenant application in Laravel 4. By running the following command, we can start and create a new laravel project. This example shows how to do it. Thanks for reading. Prior experience is MUST. php and TestCase. This tutorial may be read to get a general overview of how Extract and Replicat operate. Multi-tenant data management is core to the success of any Software as a Service application. If you want to check its geolocation, you can find it out: in the Microsoft 365 admin center of your tenant, via PowerShell. I received a lot of good feedback from it. The single versus multi-tenant decision affects other services beyond Exchange Online, such as Microsoft Teams and other Office 365 services. There are several ways to support multi tenancy in laravel. Below are the list of latest Laravel interview questions and answers. For SAP HANA multi-tenant database containers, you can recover the system database. It can handle medium to big projects, i never faced a problem that codeigniter limited me in. The Azure AD Connector can establish a multi-tenant sync to a single Admin Console to enable single sign-on and user management for all connected tenants. com is one of its tenant. php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Laravel\Scout\ScoutServiceProvider" Finally, you need to add the Laravel\Scout\Searchable trait to the model you want to make searchable. Endpoints that require authentication. How to handle the risks of multi-tenant cloud. Video resources available to you 24/7, from webinars to tutorials, Broadleaf has you covered. This repo contains code samples used in the series of article I published on medium to build multi-tenant application with laravel and postgres. Both frameworks make it very easy to use a different templating engine other than their respective. This tutorial will walk you through best practices for embedding a React application in a WordPress site. Concept behind multi-tenancy is to use single code base to serve multiple clients with same functionality. Users in the 'superadmin' group are able to view and manage all tenants. By tying all data to a brand or client-id, it's fairly easy to filter data that way. Part 1, Part 2, Part 3, Part 4. Tenant admin's highest level of access should not exceed the 'admin' group. Azure, in and of itself, is a multi-tenant platform, as is the underlying infrastructure of Azure AD. Building a great website that supports multiple domains (or tenants) from both the server side and client side can be challenging. Bi-Weekly Laravel Tips From Taylor Laravel API Tutorial: How to Build and. I am assuming you have already created a Laravel project if not then you can view my earlier tutorial. It uses already familiar tools and implements best practices around them to provide you a SOLID development experience. Supervisor is a process monitor for the Linux operating system, which will automatically restart your jobs queue using queue:listen or queue:work commands if they fail. 1 also provides multi-tenancy "support", but multi-tenancy in JPA 2. While working on one of my client project, I came across this feature in Laravel 5. I received a lot of good feedback from it. In this talk, we'll review three design patterns that are commonly used for scaling multi-tenant databases and each approach's trade-offs. I thought this illustration was an interesting view of Oracle Database 12c’s Multitenant Architecture. The Saas-based multi-company module is eCommerce virtual mall, where multiple-vendor can sign-up and create their own e-commerce store with their domain name. Basically an exploit of the kernel will not impact other containers running on the same machine. In this tutorial, you deploy and explore the Wingtip Tickets SaaS sample application developed using the standalone application, or app-per-tenant, pattern. In this blog, I’ll share a concept of multitenant architecture and guide you through an approach to build a multitenant app with examples and sample code. UI Components Table / Data Grid ag-grid - Advanced Data Grid / Data Table supporting Javascript / React / AngularJS /. hyn/multi. With the following configuration we migrate the application:. Locating an Office 365 tenant. Part 1: Getting your project up and running A Project based on Laravel. I have already shared tutorial about Queue and Run Jobs using worker in Lumen/Laravel Framework. Writing Event Subscribers. An application framework and starting point for ASP. 0 - Multi Tenant Live Support Chat (SaaS) - 24088591 Tricky Chat pro is subscription based Live support Chat system build with Laravel. The Laravel 5. Laravel Business 4,330 views. In this tutorial, we use laravel 5. The same role name can be used in multiple PDBs, but they are unrelated. Host multiple sites from a single django proj Django multi-tenancy using PostgreSQL schemas A lib to help in the creation of shared schema multi tenants. A hyperscale deployment stores table rows on different nodes based on the value of a user-designated column. The latest Tweets from Francesco Lettera (@FrancescoLetter). Each website (tenant) can use globally shared functionality while keeping tenant specific functionality available as well. SonicWall HES is a cloud-based, multi-tenant security service that protects against today’s advanced email threats. Website features also needed some improvements. NET MVC Chat with Java and Servlets Chat with JavaScript, Node. Post navigation Previous Previous post: Create CDB Common User Without Using C## Prefix. Skip to Implementation or Read my story and inspiration. Now over 1,200 organizations in nearly 60 countries rely on Stackify's tools to provide critical application performance and code insights so they can deploy better applications faster. Working Laravel Framework (I am using Laravel 5. The Saas-based multi-company module is eCommerce virtual mall, where multiple-vendor can sign-up and create their own e-commerce store with their domain name. Define If Shared Tenancy Is a Fit What is multi-tenancy: “the terms multi -tenant and multi-tenancy are not new; both have been used to describe application architectures designed to support multiple users, resource owners or “tenants” for many years. And they've worked for clients across 5 continents, big brands and small. Multitenancy. Multi Database Connection Setup. A vital feature for every Software-as-a-Service website. A hyperscale deployment stores table rows on different nodes based on the value of a user-designated column. The excellent open source project SaasKit, by Ben Foster, makes adding multi-tenancy to your application a breeze. [Serializable] public class Tenant. laravel multi tenant tutorial (4) Currently i have a application that hosts multiple tenants written in CodeIgniter. In this tutorial, you will create a tenant database using either HANA cockpit or an SQL command line. A multi-tenant sharding tutorial an example data model that you can use as a basis for learning how you could apply the same to your own multi-tenant application. Laravel Tenancy is a package by Daniël Klabbers, Paulo Trajano, and Bertrand Kintanar, for making your Laravel application multi-tenant: The unobtrusive Laravel package that makes your app multi-tenant. Since Laravel is a framework that encourages flexibility, it has a native way to handle the many file structures. Checks instances for specified tenancy. I received a lot of good feedback from it. It will settle your payments across your stripe enabled countries. Each year, Taylor Otwell (the creator of Laravel) releases new tools and packages to help you extend your existing Laravel Application. I hope you will have a deeper picture now about how it works. Multi Database. Multi-Tenant Application using Laravel 4 and 5. Multi-tenant data management is core to the success of any Software as a Service application. if Laravel 5. A multi-tenant application environment. To use multi-tenant in production, 'Multi-tenant Edition' license is required. /tests/ directory: ExampleTest. hyn/multi. Toolkit for Multi Tenancy in Laravel. If you look at popular sites like Nike. While developing a small administrative tool to help the company make data changes to 800 different databases, I had little time to come up with a liable solution on how to make master/tenant connections with Laravel. Toolkit for Multi Tenancy in Laravel "Tenancy allows you to easily scaffold a multi-tenant SaaS platform on top of the Laravel framework. In Laravel, blade template engine allow us to define a master template which can be extended by other individual pages. Such an application has good characteristics of a typical multi-tenant system. In answering that, I did some investigation which. sadnub/laravel-tenancy-passport-demo. Azure, in and of itself, is a multi-tenant platform, as is the underlying infrastructure of Azure AD. In the applications I've written with multi-tenancy, I've kept it to a single database as it's just easier across the board. Using Laravel, we can easily create API. We will develop a reusable trait to create a query scope that can be used along with query builders to fine-tune the search. Although much of the multi-tenant cloud security risks have been reduced, there have been theoretical attacks targeting the multi-tenant infrastructure, so it doesn't hurt to harden instances with this in mind. Extraction from a Multitenant database is only supported by Integrated Extract. Samuel Štancl wrote a good tutorial on how to make any Laravel application multi-tenant in a short time. For this tutorial we are focused on. Next question: Have you, or your supervisors, decided *not* to use Laravel in an enterprise setting? What made you decide against it? Or, have you used it and struggled with it being not enterprise-y enough? If so, what was the prob? — Matt Stauffer (@stauffermatt) June 1, 2018. 4 detecting variable in developing mode Laravel 5. Multi-Tenant Design in Laravel. This tutorial heavily depends on Laravel 5. I want to create a multi tenancy application using Laravel. In this post, to save your time, we've gathered expert advice on how to download, install and configure your first Laravel-based project. But that article was about an internal admin panel tool which the user would choose which tenant they wanted to manipulate. Conclusion. It is like layers. In multi-tenant applications, most data and queries are specific to a particular tenant. 4+ (Part 1) and is suitable when you have created an API for your Laravel app. Your applications, settings, and connections are a single tenant, which shares resources with other tenants in the. sometime we require to make two septate login one for user and another for admin. Single-tenant vs. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: