Linq Cast Object To String

Here's a very simple way if you want to convert a String Array to String using C# LINQ. int value3 = (int) value2; Console. You can use the Convert class or the Parse method of the built-in type you are casting to. Hi all, I am getting follwing error-"unable to cast object of type 'system. Double' to type 'System. Like it or not, LINQ is here to stay. NET will give us a chance to write LINQ queries on enumerable object in ADO. The following code example demonstrates how to use Cast(IEnumerable) to enable the use of the standard query operators on an ArrayList. The latest code I gave you does not work! That is with using var. String' exception. One way of using these type casting capabilities is to build a LINQ lambda expression, compile it into a Func, and then use the compiled delegate every time we need to convert between two types. If the question had been "how do I divide an integer by another", I would have said to use the syntax A/B. C# convert an object to a dictionary of its properties - ObjectToDictionaryHelper. String is a sequence of characters and the value of an string can not be changed. Load a from a string that contains JSON. Assigning a different value to a string creates a new string object. Final delimiter: The example has a final delimiter on the end. This concept is demonstrated in the following example:. Here are the sample List for demonstration purposes. String is a nullable type, of course, and the explicit conversion operator (the cast operator for XAttribute or XElement) is happy to take null, and return null. ) I want to process "Object1", "Object2", and "Object3" separately using LINQ, however. These different providers define the different flavors of LINQ: LINQ to Objects. DomainOperationException Load operation failed for Query 'GetDues'. This confirmationID has a Server Data Type of NCHAR(36) and a Type of System. IConvertible' - Error in LINQ opereation. The index methods on JObject/JArray let you quickly get data by its property name on an object or index in a collection, while M:Newtonsoft. 6m developers to have your questions answered on Unable to cast object of type 'System. All LINQ methods are extension methods to the IEnumerable interface. Entity Framework is a framework for providing object-relational mapping service on data models. The IEnumerable interface is central to LINQ. There are three types of conversion operators: As operators (AsEnumerable and AsQueryable), To operators (ToArray, ToDictionary, ToList and ToLookup), and Casting operators (Cast and OfType). converting string into decimal in sum linq query asp. A parser can parse the dynamic expression and further generate the result of the expression. Cast an object to Decimal? or Int? etc but leave it as null if it is null. If you observe above syntax we written LINQ query to get data from "arr" string array. Let’s have a look at one example to understand more about the reverse operator. One of feature of XDocument is that we can use object as content, XDocument converts the objects to node or attribute. Behavior: It is represented by methods of an object. Object, System. ToString() function with the integer parameter. This method is non generic so it requires type casting as it returns object type. NET Framework component that adds native data querying capabilities to. In C# objects can be compared with the == operator, with the Equals(Object) member, with the Object. You can even create your own classes that implement IEnumerable, and those classes will instantly "inherit" all LINQ functionality!. However, if we try to convert a Dog to an integer…: int integerDog = dynamicDog;. IQueryable Cast (this System. You can use the DynamicQuery library against any LINQ data provider (including LINQ to SQL, LINQ to Objects, LINQ to XML, LINQ to Entities, LINQ to SharePoint, LINQ to TerraServer, etc). The Cast extension method is less useful for casting numeric types. Please read our previous article where we discussed the basics of LINQ Set Operators. As long as the dynamic object can be implicitly cast to a concrete object then the above code will work. C# program that uses cast expressions using System; class Program { static void Main() {// Assign an int and then cast it to an object implicitly. This content, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL). use Linq Cast to convert array to IEnumerable : Cast « LINQ « C# / C Sharp use Linq Cast to convert array to IEnumerable. After some initial hesitation, I have. In this example, we start out with a collection of birds in the form of a string array; LINQ to Objects is used to query this string array to find and return a subset of the array in the form of all birds with names beginning with the letter “R”. BigInteger' to type 'System. Dynamic and System. We didn't even have to use an explicit cast here. By using these entities, we can perform any operation like insert, update delete, etc. You only have the node objects, whose static type is the non-generic Node base class. ToString() function with the integer parameter. Instead of using language operators or type-safe lambda extension methods to construct your LINQ queries, the dynamic query library provides you with string-based extension methods that you can pass any string expression into. WriteLine(value3); // Try to cast it to a string. If there was an object returned I wanted a string property from it. Linq namespace. Find the cars that are going less than 55 mph, and order by descending PetName: 8. I had a need to convert a list of string into an array of string, of course it can be done easily in several different ways, creating an array of int, converting the string element, and populate the int array, or using List as container. This content, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL). This is because everything is derived from object. But implicit conversions are allowed. Cast and Enumerable. Home; C# / C Sharp; public class Contact { public int Id; public string Name;. NET Framework, which, combined with it superior performance, makes it ideal for web applications, like ASP. NET primitive objects (int, long, string, DateTime, etc) in JValue whenever they're added to a JSON object or array. If you hear people talking about IEnumerable, and sometimes wished you better understood its significance, then you should. Load a from a string that contains JSON. Commenter la réponse de cs_ShayW Signaler Commenter la réponse de Whismeril. Linq to sql Unable to cast object of type 'System. By using these entities, we can perform any operation like insert, update delete, etc. With LINQ and LINQ to SQL, we no longer need to rely on the details of the connection objects and can instead begin thinking more abstractly by using the pre-generated. Hi, codes below return error: Unable to cast the type 'System. A sample how to read a Excel 2007/2010 using Open XML SDK V2 (forgive the bad syntax highlighting). Name); It is also possible to specify the IComparer that is used to compare key values. In this blog you will learn how to resolve LINQ to Entities does not recognize the method ToString exception. Convert a String Array to a Decimal Array using C# or VB. 7KViews ; Last Post 31 January 2018. Equals(Object, Object) method or using custom comparators that implement one of or more of the IEquatable, IComparable, IStructuralEquatable or IStructuralComparable interfaces. In LINQ, Cast operator is used to cast / convert all the elements present in a collection into a specified data type of new collection. NET will give us a chance to write LINQ queries on enumerable object in ADO. NET and the LINQ to ADO. Personally I think this is a good thing. This is mostly used in expressions and LINQ. LINQ comes with LINQ Providers for in-memory object collections, Microsoft SQL Server databases, ADO. I'll cover the following topics in the code samples below: LINQ Unable, Union, LINQ, VB, AddRange, ToList, Union Unable, IEnumerable, and Concat. Name); It is also possible to specify the IComparer that is used to compare key values. NET, Entity Framework, LINQ to SQL, NHibernate / Convert string to Int in LINQ to Entities !! Convert string to Int in LINQ to Entities !! [Answered] RSS. , to a super-class (base class) or to a sub-class (a derived class). The code makes a StringWriter object so it can serialize into a string. Merging JSON. Net 3 and the iQueryable returns. One of feature of XDocument is that we can use object as content, XDocument converts the objects to node or attribute. IEnumerable. datetime' to type 's: I would like to apologize to all of you. The first four numbers were printed but the fifth item throws an exception since this fifth item is of type string and the cast operator was not able to cast it into an integer. A sample how to read a Excel 2007/2010 using Open XML SDK V2 (forgive the bad syntax highlighting). net How to convert a list of object into a list of string? Select and cast the value there and. EntityQueryModelVisit. 5 provides querying capabilities to Object Oriented programming languages like C# or VB. MemberExpression'. JArray' to type 'System. Consider Dog as an object and see the below diagram for its identity, state, and. select the role as a complete object using linq, or create a new class that contains only roleID, roleName and return that if you like. This article describes how to handle conversions from an anonymous type to a specific type by using. Find Duplicates in PowerShell Datatable using LINQ Posted on January 21, 2015 by Chrissy LeMaire — 4 Comments ↓ Update 1/4: Removed conversion of datatable to list. String' to type 'System. NET (at least in my own little world). To cast O to type T, you can always use the cast operator (T)O. ascx) Events in ASP. how can I cast List to ICollection. The second stored procedure inserts data, but needs to insert the ClientID returned in the first stored procedure. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. (string[]) is used for mylist to convert it to string array type. when i try to get e. Unable to cast object of type 'System. LINQ Query: Below LINQ query will find the months starting with "J" in the string array. By using these entities, we can perform any operation like insert, update delete, etc. NET uses to let you create your own dynamic objects whose members can be dynamically added and removed at run. We take one books list object quering that object using LINQ and we converted it's LINQ result into Dictionary object. We couldn't use this in a query expression normally, because LINQ requires generic sequences - but by giving the range variables explicit types, the compiler has inserted a call to Cast which makes the rest of the translation work. There is no issue with Convert. I did this specifically because the Linq binary isn't serializable. Object, System. LINQ can be used to query and transform strings and collections of strings. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 aspnet azure csharp debugging docker. The first four numbers were printed but the fifth item throws an exception since this fifth item is of type string and the cast operator was not able to cast it into an integer. Unable to cast object of type 'system. NET includes a LINQ provider for cache SQL queries. This is something that I really like, I can convert a list of objects into an array of something. Using LINQ, these really are one-liners, but they produce the required results. Parsing all JSON using JToken. There is no issue with Convert. We couldn't use this in a query expression normally, because LINQ requires generic sequences - but by giving the range variables explicit types, the compiler has inserted a call to Cast which makes the rest of the translation work. Tries to get the JToken with the specified property name. Also: You can cast anything to the base class object. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Yes it's a uniform query language to get and filter data from various data sources. Methods operate on an object's internal state and serve as the primary mechanism for object-to-object communication. net/blog/csharp-async-gotchas. I'm doing MVC and I am doing a join. The second stored procedure inserts data, but needs to insert the ClientID returned in the first stored procedure. When the application runs, LINQ to SQL translates into SQL the language-integrated queries in the object model and sends them to the database. In my previous post, I have created a simple database model that can be used for this purpose, so if you haven’t checked it out, please do. And then you have to explicitly cast it to the specified type. Unable to cast object of type 'System. Append them all together, probably in a StringBuilder object, then convert that to a string and assign it to the TextBox. This dictionary object has string has key and book class object has value. 0, so you can write queries like the LINQ query above in the next version of EF. Consider Dog as an object and see the below diagram for its identity, state, and. XElement,System. Object, System. Expression`1[System. Encoding is the process of transforming a set of Unicode characters into a sequence of bytes. Convert from ADO. You can use the Convert class or the Parse method of the built-in type you are casting to. NET also supports Entity SQL. If the question had been "how do I divide an integer by another", I would have said to use the syntax A/B. LINQ to Entities only supports casting Entity Data Model primitive types】錯誤的解決方式. The standard LINQ operators are a collection of 50 (give or take a few) methods that form the heart and soul of Language Integrated Query. This structure is composed of compound objects. The first four numbers were printed but the fifth item throws an exception since this fifth item is of type string and the cast operator was not able to cast it into an integer. If object is not allowed why does it work using one code generator but not the other? Cannot convert Newtonsoft. If there is no element, StyleName will be set to null. The Cast extension method is less useful for casting numeric types. Getting error: Unable to cast object of type ‘newtonsoft. any help or suggestion is appreciated. Unable to cast object of type 'Newtonsoft. For example, you can cast an int to a uint. How to use Convert() when doing DataTable. DomainOperationException Load operation failed for Query 'GetDues'. Expressions. This sample converts LINQ to JSON objects to. By using these entities, we can perform any operation like insert, update delete, etc. Unable to cast object of type 'System. C# / C Sharp Forums on Bytes. I thought I can write as a below : var person = from s. How to Compare Numeric Value with String in LINQ to Entity Query In Linq to Entity Query, When one data type is Integer and other is of type string then to avoid type mismatch problem, one cannot use Convert. Unable to cast object of type 'Newtonsoft. Hi all, I am getting follwing error-"unable to cast object of type 'system. NET types using M:Newtonsoft. This library is intended to be used with LINQ (as the namespace suggests). 6 OS: Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard. ToDictionary(x => x. NET Forums / Data Access / ADO. 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2015 2016 2017 2018 aspnet azure csharp debugging docker. XmlException…ctor(SerializationInfo info, StreamingContext context). I created a procedure and drag that to the DataContext and using that procedure but at the time of executing it gives error. WriteLine(value3); // Try to cast it to a string. ArrayList. Here's a very simple way if you want to convert a String Array to String using C# LINQ. With Microsoft LINQ to SQL, you enjoy the ability of using a strong. This integration of querying capabilities allows compile time checking of query expressions as well as intellisence support from IDE's using the reflection. There are three types of conversion operators: As operators (AsEnumerable and AsQueryable), To operators (ToArray, ToDictionary, ToList and ToLookup), and Casting operators (Cast and OfType). cast object of type 'System. As the name implies, it integrates query capabilities directly into C# (or the. OK, I Understand. To cast O to type T, you can always use the cast operator (T)O. Language Integrated Query (LINQ, pronounced "link" [citation needed]) is a Microsoft. We can store different types of values in a string and then cast them to the appropriate data type. The issue I observed in your code was you called First() on top of LINQ results. This can be useful when the key is a string and you want it to match case-insensitive. UiPath version: 2016. Final delimiter: The example has a final delimiter on the end. IConvertible' - Error in LINQ opereation. In C# (or any of the main. It is especially helpful when using LINQ to SQL to retrieve data in the form of lists and/or arrays. It's possible to build up dynamic LINQ queries or queries with several conditional criteria. XElement,System. int value1 = 400; object value2 = value1; // Explicitly cast to an integer again. The issue is that the U and V type variables do not exist in the current context. 5 extensions. I changed string to object in method signature, but then it fails again. The following code example demonstrates how to use Cast(IEnumerable) to enable the use of the standard query operators on an ArrayList. in the if true condition, w. Double' to type 'System. I have an expression that requires a KeyPairValue to be evaluated against a DataRow object. The second stored procedure inserts data, but needs to insert the ClientID returned in the first stored procedure. Parsing all JSON using JToken. A couple months ago, I had written some posts on converting String and Char Arrays. This changed with. It is especially helpful when using LINQ to SQL to retrieve data in the form of lists and/or arrays. A List can be converted to an array. Enumerable. Remember that Cast() is an extension of IEnumerable, thus it is a sequence of object, which means that it will box every int as an object as it enumerates over it, and there is no cast conversion from object to long, and thus the cast fails. LINQ-to-Entities. Boolean' to type 'System. convert list object to list string in asp. Behavior: It is represented by methods of an object. OfType methods are real life savers in those kind of. ' Note: The source we're casting from must contain only elements of the same type. Pivot C# Array or DataTable: Convert a Column To a Pivot data using LINQ Control Parent Page from UserControl(. Sum for Numeric Types. Error: Unable to cast object of type 'System. LINQ can be used to query and transform strings and collections of strings. Information regarding the origin and location of the exception can be identified using the exception stack trace below. JArray' to type 'System. Convert a String Array to a Decimal Array using C# or VB. OK, I Understand. IQueryable -> System. You cannot cast a double to an int without an exception. LINQ To LDAP: string to int Currently I'm working on the transform portion of Linq to LDAP. queryroles running inside thread. The next example shows a LINQ to Objects query that incorporates a where clause. Net 4 Aggregate Ajax Ajax Control Toolkit ASP. However, if we try to convert a Dog to an integer…: int integerDog = dynamicDog;. The second stored procedure inserts data, but needs to insert the ClientID returned in the first stored procedure. int32' to type 'system. Name); It is also possible to specify the IComparer that is used to compare key values. DBNull' to type 'System. So what this basically does is allows you to convert the binary value into a string which in my case I store on the web page along with the record ID of the item I am working with. Implicit Conversions and LINQ to JSON. The latest code I gave you does not work! That is with using var. Properties or fields from the index that have not been matched together by name are skipped during the object creation/mapping. Hi, codes below return error: Unable to cast the type 'System. Commenter la réponse de cs_ShayW Signaler Commenter la réponse de Whismeril. This is not present in code that uses string. AppendLine(fruit) Next ' The following query shows that the standard query operators such as ' Where() can be applied to the ArrayList type after calling OfType(). select the role as a complete object using linq, or create a new class that contains only roleID, roleName and return that if you like. String' exception. All it does is to perform some basic checks so that the arguments passed in are sensible, then it uses LINQ constructs an array of string by calling ToString on each element (instance of T) of the generic IEnumerable object. There are two simple, yet great, LINQ extension methods you may or may not know about, but that can really simplify the task of converting collection queries into collections: ToDictionary() and ToList(). String]' It's been a while but if I remember right, when exposing lists for xml serialization, they need to be marked up with xmlArray you then define what the individual elements are called for each item in the list. EntityFrameworkCore. My recent article A Visual Lexicon of LINQ and accompanying wallchart provided a new, easier-to-use reference for LINQ operators when working in C#. converting string into decimal in sum linq query asp. The IEnumerable interface is central to LINQ. You can use the LINQ method syntax or query syntax when querying with EDM. Unable to cast the type 'System. JValue' to type 'System. The LINQ to Objects provider is used for in-memory collections, using the local query execution engine of LINQ. Workaround for unchecked cast of a deserialized Object to ArrayList. int value3 = (int) value2; Console. I'll hope this will be useful to you, pseudo coded. WebControls. I've often just caputured the result of the LINQ statement, checked for null, and…. int value1 = 400; object value2 = value1; // Explicitly cast to an integer again. and the elements are stored in a contiguous location. LINQ can be used to query and transform strings and collections of strings. JObject to System. We can store different types of values in a string and then cast them to the appropriate data type. LINQ to String Array. String]' Showing 1-11 of 11 messages. NET primitive objects (int, long, string, DateTime, etc) in JValue whenever they're added to a JSON object or array. Parameter(typeof(Customer), "N"); var sortExpression = Expression. IQueryable -> System. I would like to share how to use a dynamic LINQ library in C#. Následující příklad kódu ukazuje, jak použít Cast(IEnumerable), chcete-li povolit použití standardních operátorů dotazu ArrayListna. Dim query As IEnumerable(Of String) = _ words. OfType<>() extension methods. LINQ seems to have found its way into the vocabulary of the average. String' exception. Important point to understand is, even though your Linq query may not give the results you desire, but the query wont crash. Int32' to type 'System. This is because everything is derived from object. Constructor new object with select statement : select new « LINQ « C# / C Sharp. View 1 Replies Similar Messages:. List all Files in. public static System. I have a List which contains a Dictionary and I need to be able to search the Dictionary values and return the Audit Object where the value matches. This is mostly used in expressions and LINQ. This method is non generic so it requires type casting as it returns object type. Language integrated query (LINQ) in. By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. The LINQ to ADO. hi all, i'm having a slight problem that i cannot find a solution on google. Linq Over int Array: 5. It has a string variable name, an int variable ISBN and a string variable category. Note that you can convert a List of any object type into a string this way. IConvertible' - Error in LINQ opereation. Note how the compile-time type of "strings" is just IEnumerable in both cases. linq query getting Unable to cast object of type 'System. Getting error: Unable to cast object of type ‘newtonsoft. Object, System. I have no idea if it is a bug. The standard LINQ operators are a collection of 50 (give or take a few) methods that form the heart and soul of Language Integrated Query. The LINQ to ADO. NET Developer. XmlException…ctor(SerializationInfo info, StreamingContext context). Final delimiter: The example has a final delimiter on the end. Dave: Casting to object will not resolve the problem. The code calls the serializer's Serialize method, passing it the stream to serialize into (the StringWriter) and the Person object to serialize. Int32’ to type ‘System. LINQ (Language-Integrated Query) is a powerful tool of the. Concatenate Unique Elements of two List and Sort using LINQ - Here's how to concatenate unique elements of two List and then Sort them using LINQ. I recently encountered some confusing code that was written to work around this issue. Another thing to note is that this trick works only for the LINQ to Objects provider. NET AJAX BinaryImage. Within User there is a String Property called ConfirmationID. You can help protect yourself from scammers by verifying that the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: