Man Hours Per Square Foot

The following construction benchmarks are provided by Compass International as a reference source for Construction Professionals involved in producing or validating industrial type CAPEX estimates, such as Power Plants, Refineries and other Industrial facilities: This data has been collected, analyzed and conditioned from Compass International. 40 per square foot. They have a whole bunch of different rods and positions shown, can't believe they are too far off thr mark. Interior paint coverage depends on the brand of paint used. Example: Let's say you had an area equaling 20 X 30 feet, in a temperature climate with average insulation. 0575 hours per square foot (11. 04 (mhrs) per sq. This means that a builder stands to lose up to $34 PSF if they choose to resell their home. Please enable it to continue. Hilti has power tools, grinders, drills, and saws as well as fasteners, anchors, design and layout software and services for construction professionals. Our price to the customer is just under $3,300 or $327. 1 miles per hour depends on whether you have trained for it or not. The BEST NEW Tool For Sharpening A Lawn Mower Blade! (Have You Seen This Yet?!) - Duration: 20:43. Kept a Perry scaffold for the top three feet, ran the bottom 6 feet on foot, then jumped on the scaffold for the remaining three feet. You could also look at the expenses as it costing about $1-$2 per square foot for an office move or around $. 85 per linear foot (for saw cutting 4" slab) Reported by: ProMatcher Research Team See the Circleville Demolition Cost Report. Developing a good price per square foot takes some careful planning, but. It's tough to get a fair rate for your work in this state, especially with knucklesticks out there who would do a 2000 sq ft house for $1. It's Just an Estimation, BTW. Assume heavy mat forms to be made of 2-inch material at least 3 feet high. To convert between G-unit (G) and Mile/hour Second you have to do the following: First divide 9. There might be a different number of tiles per square meter in reality. Labor Costs. 0 thousand Btu per square foot. because neighboring homes are close. 20 per square foot. Most companies aim at a target of 1,200 to 1,400 square feet per man-hour — 1,200 square feet per man-hour implies heavy staffing, and 1,400 square feet per man-hour implies Lean staffing. When you suspect your pool is leaking and you want to know how many gallons of water it is losing, by using data from a bucket test and the dimensions of your pool, you can figure out how many gallons per hour or minute your pool is losing. At a rate of $5. 5 hours standing in the alleyways. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (pound per square foot). As a general rule, estimate 0. For an ocean going trawler yacht or sailing yacht the use of a delivery skipper is always an option. If you were to break this labor down into how many CMUs laid in an 8-hour period, it would be calculated as follows: 1000 sf of wall area= 1,125 CMU. Metrics like sales per square foot, gross margin, foot traffic, walk-in rate, and comparable sales growth tell the story of your store and help you make profitable decisions. You can give the janitor more sq feet to clean, but he'll have to cut back on what he cleans. That figures to about 1 man-hour per 4 feet. MANHOURS PER SQUARE FOOT Footing form manhours are based on using 2-inch by 12-inch material pro p - erly braced and anchored. This is done by calculating your square footage. The need to calculate the amount per square foot often arises in business and in everyday life. ¥ 600-800 square feet: $90-120 ¥ 800-1000 square feet: $120-180 ¥ 1000-1500 square feet: $180-240 ¥ 1500-2000 square feet: $240-300. The calculator is designed to provide accurate interior painting cost per square foot for the entire house. 50 545 linear feet to edge = 4 minutes or 136ft/min = $5. Ounces per Second, Gallons per Minute, Milliliters and Liters per Second. A Quick Guide to Using the BOMA Experience Exchange Report I. Elsewhere in the issue, we launch the Square Mile Watch Awards 2019; interview the Principal of Aston Martin Red Bull Racing, Christian Horner; and check out the best road trips on the planet. We figure 125 square feet of placement per hour by a skilled work, with some help by an unskilled worker. CheckYourMath has answers to your every day Math questions. Florida gas prices averaged $2. When first starting a janitorial business, one of the hardest things to do is develop per-square-foot quotes for customers. An increase in output per man-hour, of course, implies a decrease in man-hours per unit, and vice versa, but the percent changes may not be identical. This cost would go down to about $1. 60 per square foot on larger whole-house jobs, and change again entirely if there are non-standard features in the wall—like curves, or drywall with higher-grade fire resistance or soundproofing features. Most companies aim at a target of 1,200 to 1,400 square feet per man-hour — 1,200 square feet per man-hour implies heavy staffing, and 1,400 square feet per man-hour implies Lean staffing. Join now!. How Many Sheets Per Day Do you guys prefer 2 or 3 man hangin crews and how much should they get done per day (TOTAL not per guy). 00 per square foot, luxury vinyl flooring starts at a higher price, typically $2. As a rough estimate, you should allow 250 square foot per person. Air conditioners are sized by the number of BTUs they put out. One unit hour = one ambulance staffed with two providers for one hour. When you need the facts and you need them now, the Food Marketing Institute's Information Service is the place to find the answers. Situated in the heart of Midtown, under the shimmering lights of Times Square, we offer hotel guests intimate access to Manhattan must-sees like Madison Square Garden, Rockefeller Center, and Broadway. How to calculate gallons of rainwater that can be collected from a roof Calculate for: A 30 foot long by 20 foot wide roof in a 1 inch rainfall but you can only collect from half of the roof Length of roof _____ feet X width of roof _____ feet X. 00 an hour The cost to run equipment can vary, but if you are including maintenance and fuel $10 per hour is a good estimate. There are 3. The number of calculators is building fast so check back here regularly for new tools to use. feet or better say total 400 , one bedroom , bath ,8 feet long kitchen, small living room and small dining room , and i have a 10, 000 b t u in the wall a/c and it is more than enough , at night i turn up my a/c to 70 degrees and the speed fan to # 2 , this is after being on 60 % of the day at 64. 20 per kilowatt-hour rate was utilized. provide the square footage and the cost per square foot for rent, or provide a monthly rental cost and how many months to rent. These days can be allocated pro rata to the activity durations and the calculation balanced by a reasonable gang size. On average, hiring a janitorial service to clean your facility usually costs about $0. 00 per hour $0. Around here, commercial rate is about $35-50 a man hour. If an emergency room is one of the busiest in the state, the benchmarks don't apply. total ft 2 / board ft 2. So, a 1,000 square foot home would need 6,300 board feet to complete, while 12,600 board feet would be necessary for a 2,000 square foot home. 20,000 per year and are non-variable with volume. One square foot. The home last sold for $1. 5 production hours, which is approximately 86 percent of the total paid hours. 125 square feet per hour per man. Third: Watt per square feet method (as per ASHRAE/ANSI/IESNA 90. An average American household uses 903 kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity each month. hours units required for this dimenstion : 30 feet * 20 feet (dimension of duct )for 15 feet best regards. For this discussion we will use units of pounds and inches. Eligible. At a rate of $5. select, temperature, foot traffic, soils, and water needs must be taken into consideration. If an emergency room is one of the busiest in the state, the benchmarks don't apply. What do ya think? shortcircuit. This comes out to be around $3,000 to cover 1,250 square feet. This will usually include tasks such as:. 50 per hour. How to calculate gallons of rainwater that can be collected from a roof Calculate for: A 30 foot long by 20 foot wide roof in a 1 inch rainfall but you can only collect from half of the roof Length of roof _____ feet X width of roof _____ feet X. 2: Enter the value you want to convert (pound per square foot). A 500 to 1,500 square foot single story home can cost between $2,000 and $4,000; two stories (1,500 to 3,000 square feet) typically costs between $5,000 and $10,00; three stories (3,000 to 6,000 square feet) costs $8,000+. Young people eat more than an older crowd and guests eat more at casual parties than formal functions. AND you get to see the answer in 7 other different units !!. 50 up to $5, with some top brands (think Armstrong or Mannington Adura) costing as much as $8 per square foot , putting it on a par with high quality tile or solid wood flooring! It is the increased. Vinyl 4 or aluminum siding typically requires special paint, which can increase the overall cost by 10%-20%. Width x Height = 15 x 10 = 150 sq. Concrete Overlay Cost - $3 to $7 per square foot Flooring details such as the size, colors, finish, and customization can greatly affect the bottom line. 00 per square foot $48. The average cost of composite decking is $4-$8 per square foot. Under The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992, employers have a responsibility to provide a minimum work space of 40 square feet per person in an office area, not overall for the building and the business per person. Let’s figure materials first. The listing also said that quiet hours must be observed between 10 p. Siding prices are: for the purpose of this “How To Estimate Your Siding Costs” we are using a Top grade vinyl siding price of $4. Measurement conversion charts and converters for metric, imperial and United States Customary systems. Measuring the Daily Destruction of the World's Rainforests. 5 person hours per square feet per visit. Multiply hours by employees. Two professional hangers could hang that in 1/2 day easily, assuming some soffits and multiple corners. Multiply the square footage times a base price. The cost of direct materials on the job was $19,000 and the direct labor rate is $30 per hour. If the height of a water tank is 180 feet, what is the back pressure going to be at the bottom of this tank. The alphabetical list of all the units that are available for conversion on www. The calculator is designed to provide accurate interior painting cost per square foot for the entire house. If the fertilizer bag weighs 25 lbs. 1) We have two cases for lighting design by using Watt per square feet method which are: Space-by-Space Method (functional area method), The Whole Building Method. Dirt calculator will estimate how many cubic yards of dirt fill you will need for you desired coverage area. Multiply hours by employees. SIZE: The new stadium is almost twice as large as the Metrodome and nearly twice as tall at its highest point. Estimate the cost of material, like tile, carpet, or fabric. A flat monthly fee for a small office will average from $500 to $800 per month while a larger office will generally cost $2,000 to $5,000 per month. The Gateway Arch legs have become exits only. SME Steel is one of the largest fabricators/erectors of structural steel in the United States with over 400,000 square feet of fabrication facilities located in West Jordan, Utah, and Pocatello, Idaho, producing approximately 20,000 shop hours per week. To calculate BTU per square foot, start by measuring the square footage of each room you want to heat or cool. Painter can paint 828 square feet per hour. 00 and it is a very simple repair. Diferent power units conversion from watt to BTU's per hour. Browse Freelancers. Others charge a flat rate like $100 per month or $40 per hour. 1 miles per hour depends on whether you have trained for it or not. Fountain: The least expensive option is a standalone bird bath ($150-$300), up to a freestanding wall fountain ($600-$1,200). i don't know if you can base cleaning on sq ft/per 8 hours. This means that if you employ 50 people, you can estimate that you need 12,500 square foot of office space today. Public Storage is the leading provider of storage units for your personal, business and vehicle needs with thousands of locations nationwide. Cost per ft 2 of 1,000 square feet, by cost; What's the cost per square foot of 1,000 square feet? This could be used for anything, like an apartment, condo, land, house, or other real estate. An increase in output per man-hour, of course, implies a decrease in man-hours per unit, and vice versa, but the percent changes may not be identical. 73 per square foot, but can vary significantly with site conditions and options. Assume heavy mat forms to be made of 2-inch material at least 3 feet high. With sweeping 360-degree views of the Las Vegas Valley and The Strip, the wheel takes 30 minutes to complete one revolution and features 28 spacious cabins to accommodate guests. Average Sales per Foot - US Shopping Malls BizStats. If we take that $. The answer is: half Read more interesting Foot Facts: A 2½-inch high heel can increase the load on the forefoot by 75%. The national average cost to build a new shed on your property can range from $17 to $24 per square foot for new shed construction, or from $1,500 to $15,000 for a completed project. Determining the allocation of limited resources in favor of planned versus corrective maintenance is a primary objective of any organization. (63 inches x 0. Part 1 Estimating Man-Hours for a Project Bid. 13 per square foot*. Connect with over 1 million global project management peers and experts through live events, learning seminars and online community. That's between 4-5 minutes per load. ___ Dazio reported from Los Angeles. 25 worker, it means the worker is. The symbol for square foot is ft 2 or sq ft. 019 inches per stride. However, after overlapping the pieces 2" on vertical and 4" on horizontal - the yield per piece will be 16 square feet per piece. 01 man hours per square foot when compared to. The assault was reported Monday morning but occurred between the evening hours of Saturday, Oct. 20 linear feet of corners x. What's a board foot, anyway? A board foot (bd. Board footage helps you make an educated guess as to how much lumber you'll need. Member companies of the RAVC have a comprehensive offer-ing of intake and exhaust vents. “The cladding is where the majority of the install efficiency is gained. Patio: material costs range from less expensive concrete ($6-$7 per square foot) to most expensive flagstone 1 ($15-$30 per square foot). I am having trouble estimating his labor time, does any one have any hourly break-downs for square foot, lineal foot or each item for painting they would like to share. 3 tons per man-hour last year, five times more than the 3. What do I charge per square foot for cleaning [ 2 Answers ] Hello, I am starting a residential and office cleaning business. It allows you to enter your square footage and know exactly how much mudding you'll need to get the job done right. We assume 4 pieces of ceiling wire per 12 foot main support section (that can vary), and one anchor per support wire. Install Pavers Costs For your project in zip code 98104 with these options, the cost to install pavers starts at $11. 13 Secrets of Amazon Warehouse Employees. A spirited alternative to the typical hotel experience, Moxy NYC Times Square dazzles with surprises and thrills. 9 million square feet of show-floor space and more than 4,400 individual exhibits. It's currently listed as pending under the MLS #R1230806. In the example, the amount per square foot of the project is $0. The user must fill one of the two fields and the conversion will become automatically. Before any work can be done, the land needs to be leveled 2 to the desired steepness. As a general rule, estimate 0. Across the US, the average cost to install a new asphalt roof on a 1500 s. 16” x 16” Tile Tech Paver (1. If you find that the project would entail more man hours, adust the 0. Deodorizing averages. One square foot. Says he paid $5 per foot of weld in the past and everyone seemed happy and welding 100ft in a day is possible (MIG I assume). Divide 5,280 by your average stride length in feet. One unit hour = one ambulance staffed with two providers for one hour. Between W and Btu/h measurements conversion chart page. single-story house is around $4800-7050 or $3. Because of the hot summer months, in Riverbank, California a warm-season grass is needed. Building contractors need to know the cost per square foot to estimate total material costs and labor costs. Although in our example the cost of electricity per pound of weld metal never exceeded $0. The ton (ton of refrigeration) is a unit of power. NOTE-- This quantity works for simple foundation walls or slabs with light reinforcing. The 200-square-foot joist system in this example took 11. (rounded to 9 decimal places) 1 meter = 3. 50 per hour. Visit the official Rockport Online Store to view our collection of comfortable dress shoes, boots, flats, high heels, walking shoes, and more. 41 tons for Murray. The average cost per square foot for a commercial demolition decreases as the square footage of the project rises, but the general national average is $4. If you're still unsure which system size is right for you, please e-mail us or call our toll free number at 1-855-634-5588. It is expressed as square feet per hour or square metres per hour. After picking apart the ASTM C168 definition for thermal conductivity, we have units of Btu-inch/hour per square foot per degree F. First of all are you talking vinyl tile or ceramic tile? if it,s vinyl tile go with victor gonzalez price, in colorado the cost to remove old ceramic is 3. "mickymac plastering "Question : Why do you think Solicitors can charge £150-200 per hour for doing very little and dress up in a suit. 76391041671 square feet. These hours are commonly referred to as labor-hours, or man-hours. 05 cents per square foot, or $15 for 300-square feet of cleaning area. 2/ Using comparable measures of productivity. We offer a wide variety of units and sizes available with no obligation and no long-term commitment. This is the total number of man hours performed on this project. 00 per man hour $50. Then you can multiply the width of cut in feet, giving you square feet per hour: If you have a 60-inch (5-foot) deck, you take 44,880 x 5 = 224,400 feet per hour You know that it is not likely that you are going to get 100% cutting for the full width all of the time due to overlap and trimming. If you're still unsure which system size is right for you, please e-mail us or call our toll free number at 1-855-634-5588. The figures above are estimates. For smaller jobs that are less than 70 sheets, expect $200 to $300 per journeyman worker per day plus the cost of material. Super sized for access. 00 * Total man-hours per 100 square feet = 11. and covers. The listing also said that quiet hours must be observed between 10 p. Similarly, speed is distance over time, i. Watts is a unit of energy that measures power conversion. 2' -3' Rock would yeild 3 to 5 stone In a wall you would get 5 to 7 facial foot. Concrete Overlay Cost - $3 to $7 per square foot Flooring details such as the size, colors, finish, and customization can greatly affect the bottom line. Time and materials: Set rate per hour and cost of supplies, $20 to $65 or more per hour, $100 minimum. Figures in the "Fast" application row assume high productivity and lower material coverage, (unpainted surfaces absorb more paint), like that of a residential tract job. Find nearby businesses, restaurants and hotels. Material Costs. Use your field for more months out of the year. truck; about 18 cubic yards) $225. 00 per square foot. The project manager will normally indicate what level of cleanliness is required, often referring to SSPC or NACE standards. 010 accordingly and use the increased modifier for future projects. Concrete Sawing, Demolition or Removal $25. Wiki User 02/27/2012. Plus, a year of Amazon Prime on us. If an emergency room is one of the busiest in the state, the benchmarks don't apply. Example: A room that is 20 feet long and 30 feet wide = 600 square feet. (about 450 square feet): 2 to 3 hours. hours units required for this dimenstion : 30 feet * 20 feet (dimension of duct )for 15 feet best regards. In addition, the Compact gave to the Lower Basin the right to increase its annual beneficial consumptive use of such water by 1,000,000 acre-feet. ) • Based on national averages of an experienced 4 man crew, the average time to erect a small 40 x 50 x 14,. Gasoline costs for vehicles of $500 per month are equal to $4. This is 256 square feet. Let’s say that our room is one meter by one meter in size (that same square meter area) and the tile we have is 30x60 cm. Then you can multiply the width of cut in feet, giving you square feet per hour: If you have a 60-inch (5-foot) deck, you take 44,880 x 5 = 224,400 feet per hour You know that it is not likely that you are going to get 100% cutting for the full width all of the time due to overlap and trimming. Depending on your region, you may need a different Btu per square foot in your home to keep it at a comfortable temperature. 5 sq ft for 5/8" per hour. 12 per square foot for walls and $2. Since we need to use the same units of measurement to get any meaningful results, here are the conversion factors I used. So for a two-hour job with 2 employees you would charge double what you normally charge for 1 hour with 1 employee. Watts is a unit of energy that measures power conversion. The listing also said that quiet hours must be observed between 10 p. Project fee determines what the building looks like – size, shape, structure, building materials, air conditioning and heating systems, lighting, landscaping, etc. I have a 4'x3'x7' bloom and 4'x3'x7' veg area and am looking to maximize my use of space. approach the Y axis. Expect the cost for installation to run you about $9-15. (If your organization is not a member of IMFA, you should consider becoming a one to have access to their many resources. 33 person-hours per 1,000 square feet per visit. Our lawn care experts are ready to help you create a lifetime lawn. Calculate your cost per man hour Calculate how long it will take you Add your profit margin Add some money for incidentals. If R factor is know, this easier formula can be used to calculate the K factor: K factor = inches of thickness / R Factor. 25 worker, it means the worker is. Your production rate will vary from job to job, according to several factors: Surface preparation specifications. This reflects a cost of $2. The number of calculators is building fast so check back here regularly for new tools to use. Shop for baby clothing, baby necessities and essentials at Carters. 2 million in 2017 and rents for about $420 per night. Young people eat more than an older crowd and guests eat more at casual parties than formal functions. 434 per foot of elevation. You can conclude that the per apple price unit rate is $0. This codes are used in the CBCM planning and estimating software. For online collaboration to improve the » Speed units converter, requests for new units or web tools additions, send your feedback. Get fair costs for your SPECIFIC project requirements. 600000 watts divided by 80 equals 7500 divided by 30 days equals 250. The amount of light you supply your cannabis plants depends on the size of the garden, but at least 20 watts per square foot is recommended. Discover recipes, home ideas, style inspiration and other ideas to try. For whatever project you plan on tackling, you need to have a good estimate for materials so that you can budget accordingly. Please consider a house built in a typical, simple process, not a modular house, 3d printed or other optimized process. The cost to Dig a Trench starts at $9. Calculate Volume of Square Slab Calculator Use. = $1,000,000 A square-foot cost is in no way a final cost, but it is a fairly accurate way to calculate a rough estimate or check a detailed estimate. foot boutiques can have a much higher sales per sq. Coverage rates depend on the surface condition of the concrete. Example: The pile is 20 feet high X 40 feet wide X 253. On average, the cost for electricity was determined to be about 2 percent of the total welding costs when a $0. which comes out to 170 tiles. COST: It cost $587 per square foot to build the stadium. The opposite is true at the end of the day. The speed of light in miles per hour is 6. A glance at our carpet prices guide and carpet installation guide quickly reveals that new carpet is a serious home improvement investment. A 500 to 1,500 square foot single story home can cost between $2,000 and $4,000; two stories (1,500 to 3,000 square feet) typically costs between $5,000 and $10,00; three stories (3,000 to 6,000 square feet) costs $8,000+. 6 cubic feet of cured concrete. Hilti has power tools, grinders, drills, and saws as well as fasteners, anchors, design and layout software and services for construction professionals. 50 per service. Sales per Sq. The unit is always ONE. One method of estimating production is to estimate the number of stakes which can be set per hour and the number of stakes which must be set per kilometer. (a) Find the rate in feet per second at which the length OY is changing when X is 9 feet from the building. 00 dollars and apply your estimated production rate, it will tell you how much time it will take to clean. 3 layers: $120 – $170 per 100 square feet Asphalt shingles fall at the lower end of the spectrum because they cost less to remove than wood shakes or tile. Remember, two of the 34 hours are for the supervisor and two are for callbacks. Though metal studs currently run in the $2 to $4 per square foot range, steel prices fluctuate over time causing material costs to rise or fall. We figure that a carpenter can install about 77 square feet of plywood sheathing per hour, with a little help from an unskilled worker. My husband does 4 floors with his co-worker 5 days a week, 8 hours for him, 4 hours for her. 6 x sq ft for all small mowing. For this example, using an 80% efficient furnace, the 2000 square foot home above would require a 100,000 Btu input furnace which will produce the necessary 80,000 Btu's output of heat. use this per foot method, is. 00 fixed fee (house with basement) These are demolition complete structure pricing not including permit/all requirements. For beams, stairs or other concrete formwork that involves bending and more precise placement, you should figure a much higher labor cost. All room types have large windows that open with panoramic views of New York City. Running steps have a longer stride length and you may take between 1,000 and 2,000 steps per mile. Divide $2,083 by 40 hours per week and you get about $52 per hour. COST: The Fox Blocks corners cost the same per square foot as the Fox Blocks straight block. If that deck had a height of 8’2” and ran a total of 339 square feet, pressure-treated pine would be your least-expensive option for materials at $3,062. “That’s non-negotiable,” he said. 05 per square foot to more than $. Example: For residential bathrooms up to 100 sq. Due to the numerous varieties of tile, there is an incredibly large price range, from 60 cents per square foot, to hundreds of dollars, or even $100,000 per square foot. Make the most of an unfinished basement and take advantage of untapped living and storage space. 60 Minutes = 1 Hour. 010 accordingly and use the increased modifier for future projects. 20km (2 units) per hour and ¾ hour may be allowed for loading and unloading. 1-(877) 770-7637. Hundred Cubic Feet cd Candela cd/sf Candela per Square Foot CD Grade of Plywood Face & Back CDX Plywood,GradeC&D,exterior glue Cefi. 010 accordingly and use the increased modifier for future projects. As a ballpark guesstimate, the time spent to remove tile and thin set averages 20-25 square feet per hour on a concrete subfloor. With vote just hours away, questions swirl around R. With #6 weighing 1. Average usual weekly hours worked on the main job. • (Gypsy erectors often can do a box 2400' building in as little as 4 days or. For example, in the Southeast, a qualified licensed electrician might have a base pay rate of less than $15 per hour. Cartons per pallet Calculator Australia Standard Pallets are square hardwood pallets which are standard in Australia and non-standard anywhere else in the world. I have a 4'x3'x7' bloom and 4'x3'x7' veg area and am looking to maximize my use of space. 2 million m 2) in 2018, is the largest central business district in the world. (One square meter = 10. 76 square feet). As you can see, bullets and arrows are measured in grains and feet per second (fps). What is the flow rate? FIRST CHOOSE WHAT YOU ARE SOLVING FOR. CertainTeed - cost $7. Glancing at the other beds you can honestly say they are about the same size as the one we just conquered. 1 ton = 12000 btu per hour. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: